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Data: Robust

Benzophenone

IMAGE SOURCE: PubChem

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Other Concerns

Endocrine disruption (low), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate), and Ecotoxicology (low)

SYNONYMS

A-OXODIPHENYLMETHANE, A-OXODITANE, BENZENE, BENZOYL-, BENZOPHENONE, BENZOYL- BENZENE, BENZOYLBENZENE, DIPHENYL KETONE, DIPHENYL- METHANONE, DIPHENYLMETHANONE, METHANONE, DIPHENYL, METHANONE, DIPHENYL-, and PHENYL KETONE

Common concerns

See how this product scores for common concerns.

  • MODERATE
    Cancer
  • LOW
    Allergies & Immunotoxicity
  • LOW
    Developmental and Reingredientive Toxicity
  • LOW
    Use Restrictions

Ingredient concerns

  • CONCERNS
  • DATA SOURCES

Products with this Ingredient

moisturizer 3 products

Cancer

CONCERN REFERENCE
Possible human carcinogen Open scientific literature
Possible human carcinogen California EPA Proposition 65
Limited evidence of carcinogenicity Open scientific literature
Limited evidence of carcinogenicity Int'l Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) - Carcinogens

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

CONCERN REFERENCE
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmful Environment Canada Domestic Substance List
Limited evidence of sense organ toxicity Scorecard.org Toxicity Information

Endocrine disruption

CONCERN REFERENCE
Limited evidence of endocrine disruption Scorecard.org Toxicity Information
endocrine - weight of evidence unknown/unassessed/unreview: published lit review or major tox study Our Stolen Future Endocrine Disruptors

Ecotoxicology

CONCERN REFERENCE
Suspected to be an environmental toxin and be persistent or bioaccumulative Environment Canada Domestic Substance List
Suspected to be an environmental toxin Environment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

CONCERN REFERENCE
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in food FDA Everything Added to Food

Persistence and bioaccumulation

CONCERN REFERENCE
Not suspected to be bioaccumulative Environment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

CONCERN REFERENCE
1827 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical NLM PubMed
  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • California EPA (California Environmental Protection Agency). 9/2008. Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment. Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986. Chemicals known to the State to cause cancer or reproductive toxicity.
  • IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer). 2008. Overall Evaluations of Carcinogenicity to Humans, as evaluated in IARC Monographs Volumes 1-99 (a total of 935 agents, mixtures and exposures).
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • ED (Environmental Defense). 2006. Scorecard _ The Pollution Information Site. http://www.scorecard.org.
  • Colborn T, D Dumanoski, JP Myers. 2006. Widespread Pollutants with Endocrine-disrupting Effects. Updated from original listing in "Our Stolen Future" (1996).
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.

Understanding scores

Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.

Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.

HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES

Hazard score

The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.

Data availability

The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.

NONE LIMITED FAIR GOOD ROBUST
Low Availability
Moderate Availability
High Availability

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